M.D. de Pooter (Michiel)
http://repub.eur.nl/ppl/5615/
List of Publicationsenhttp://repub.eur.nl/eur_signature.png
http://repub.eur.nl/
RePub, Erasmus University RepositoryAn improved methodology to measure flag performance for the shipping industry
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/19382/
Sat, 01 May 2010 00:00:01 GMT<div>M. Perepelkin</div><div>S. Knapp</div><div>G. Perepelkin</div><div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
The subject of measuring the performance of registries has been a topic of policy discussions in recent years at the regional level due to the recasting of the European Union (EU) port state control (PSC) directive which introduces incentives for flags which perform better. Since the current method used in the EU region entails some shortcomings, it has therefore been the subject of substantial scrutiny. Furthermore, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) developed a set of performance indicators which however lacks the ability to measure compliance as set out in one of its strategic directions towards fostering global compliance. This article develops a methodology to measure flag state performance which can be applied on the regional or global level and to other areas of legislative interest (e.g. recognized organizations, Document of Compliance Companies). The proposed methodology overcomes some of the shortcomings of the present method and presents a more refined, less biased approach of measuring performance. To demonstrate its usefulness, it is applied to a sample of 207,821 observations for a 3-year time frame and compared to the current method.Forecasting S&P 500 volatility: Long memory, level shifts, leverage effects, day-of-the-week seasonality, and macroeconomic announcements
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/18152/
Wed, 01 Apr 2009 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.P.E. Martens</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div><div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
We evaluate the forecasting performance of time series models for realized volatility, which accommodate long memory, level shifts, leverage effects, day-of-the-week and holiday effects, as well as macroeconomic news announcements. Applying the models to daily realized volatility for the S&P 500 futures index, we find that explicitly accounting for these stylized facts of volatility improves out-of-sample forecast accuracy for horizons up to 20 days ahead. Capturing the long memory feature of realized volatility by means of a flexible high-order AR-approximation instead of a parsimonious but stringent fractionally integrated specification also leads to improvements in forecast accuracy, especially for longer horizon forecasts.A method to measure flag performance for the shipping industry
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/14704/
Tue, 10 Feb 2009 00:00:01 GMT<div>M. Perepelkin</div><div>S. Knapp</div><div>G. Perepelkin</div><div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
The subject of measuring the performance of registries has been a topic of policy discussions in recent years on the regional level due to the recast of the European Union (EU) port state control (PSC) directive which introduces incentives for flags which perform better. Since the current method used in the EU region entails some shortcomings, it has therefore been the subject of substantial scrutiny. Furthermore, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) developed a set of performance indicators which however lacks the ability to measure compliance as set out in one of its strategic directions towards fostering global compliance. In this article, we develop and test a methodology to measure flag state performance which can be applied to the regional or global level and to other areas of legislative interest (e.g. recognized organizations, Document of Compliance Companies). Our proposed methodology overcomes some of the shortcomings of the present method and presents a more refined, less biased approach of measuring performance. To demonstrate its usefulness, we apply it to a sample of 207,821 observations for a 3 year time frame and compare it to the best know current method in the industry.Bayesian near-boundary analysis in basic macroeconomic time series models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/13055/
Mon, 25 Aug 2008 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>F. Ravazzolo</div><div>R. Segers</div><div>H.K. van Dijk</div>
Several lessons learnt from a Bayesian analysis of basic macroeconomic time series models are presented for the situation where some model parameters have substantial posterior probability near the boundary of the parameter region. This feature refers to near-instability within dynamic models, to forecasting with near-random walk models and to clustering of several economic series in a small number of groups within a data panel. Two canonical models are used: a linear regression model with autocorrelation and a simple variance components model. Several well-known time series models like
unit root and error correction models and further state space and panel data models are shown to be simple generalizations of these two canonical models for the purpose of posterior inference. A Bayesian model averaging procedure is presented in order to deal with models with substantial probability both near and at the boundary of the parameter region. Analytical, graphical and empirical results using U.S. macroeconomic data, in particular on GDP growth, are presented.Bayesian near-boundary analysis in basic macroeconomic time series models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/17279/
Fri, 01 Aug 2008 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>F. Ravazzolo</div><div>R. Segers</div><div>H.K. van Dijk</div>
Bayesian Near-Boundary Analysis in Basic Macroeconomic Time-Series Models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/16385/
Tue, 01 Jan 2008 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>F. Ravazzolo</div><div>R. Segers</div><div>H.K. van Dijk</div>
Several lessons learnt from a Bayesian analysis of basic macroeconomic time series models are presented for the situation where some model parameters have substantial posterior probability near the boundary of the parameter region. This feature refers to near-instability within dynamic models, to forecasting with near-random walk models and to clustering of several economic series in a small number of groups within a data panel. Two canonical models are used: a linear regression model with autocorrelation and a simple variance components model. Several well-known time series models like unit root and error correction models and further state space and panel data models are shown to be simple generalizations of these two canonical models for the purpose of posterior inference. A Bayesian model averaging procedure is presented in order to deal with models with substantial probability both near and at the boundary of the parameter region. Analytical, graphical and empirical results using U.S. macroeconomic data, in particular on GDP growth, are presented.Predicting the Daily Covariance Matrix for S&P 100 Stocks Using Intraday Dataâ€”But Which Frequency to Use?
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/18655/
Tue, 01 Jan 2008 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>M.P.E. Martens</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
This article investigates the merits of high-frequency intraday data when forming mean-variance efficient stock portfolios with daily rebalancing from the individual constituents of the S&P 100 index. We focus on the issue of determining the optimal sampling frequency as judged by the performance of these portfolios. The optimal sampling frequency ranges between 30 and 65 minutes, considerably lower than the popular five-minute frequency, which typically is motivated by the aim of striking a balance between the variance and bias in covariance matrix estimates due to market microstructure effects such as non-synchronous trading and bid-ask bounce. Bias-correction procedures, based on combining low-frequency and high-frequency covariance matrix estimates and on the addition of leads and lags do not substantially affect the optimal sampling frequency or the portfolio performance. Our findings are also robust to the presence of transaction costs and to the portfolio rebalancing frequency.Modeling and Forecasting Stock Return Volatility and the Term Structure of Interest Rates
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/10533/
Thu, 27 Sep 2007 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
: This dissertation consists of a collection of
studies on two topics: stock return volatility and the term structure
of interest rates.
Part A consists of three studies and contributes to the literature
that focuses on the modeling and forecasting of financial market
volatility. In this part we first of all discuss how to apply CUSUM
tests to identify structural changes in the level of volatility. The
main focus of part A is, however, on the use of high-frequency
intraday return data to measure the volatility of individual asset
returns as well as the correlations between asset returns. A
nonlinear long-memory model for realized volatility is developed
which is shown to accurately forecast future volatility. Furt h e rm
o re, we show that daily covariance matrix estimates based on
intraday return data are of economic significance to an investor. We
investigate what the optimal intraday sampling frequency is
for constructing estimates of the daily covariance matrix and we find
that the optimal frequency is substantially lower than the commonly
used 5-minute frequency.
Part B consists of two studies and investigates the modeling and
forecasting of the term structure of interest rates. In the first
study we examine the class of Nelson-Siegel models for their in-
sample fit and out-of-sample forecasting performance. We show that a
four-factor model has a good performance in both areas. In the second
study we analyze the forecasting performance of a panel of term
structure models. We show that the performance varies substantially
across models and subperiods. To mitigate model uncertainty we
therefore analyze forecast combination techniques and we find that
combined forecasts are consistently accurate over time.Examining the Nelson-Siegel Class of Term Structure Models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/10219/
Tue, 05 Jun 2007 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
In this paper I examine various extensions of the Nelson and Siegel (1987) model with the purpose of fitting and forecasting the term structure of interest rates. As expected, I find that using more flexible models leads to a better in-sample fit of the term structure. However, I show that the out-of-sample predictability improves as well. The four-factor model, which adds a second slope factor to the three-factor Nelson-Siegel model, forecasts particularly well. Especially with a one-step state-space estimation approach the four-factor model produces accurate forecasts and outperforms competitor models across maturities and forecast horizons. Subsample analysis shows that this outperformance is also consistent over time.Predicting the Term Structure of Interest Rates: Incorporating parameter uncertainty, model uncertainty and macroeconomic information
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/9148/
Sat, 03 Mar 2007 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>F. Ravazzolo</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
We forecast the term structure of U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bond yields by analyzing a range of models that have been used in the literature. We assess the relevance of parameter uncertainty by examining the added value of using Bayesian inference compared to frequentist estimation techniques, and model uncertainty by combining forecasts from individual models. Following current literature we also investigate the benefits of incorporating macroeconomic information in yield curve models. Our results show that adding macroeconomic factors is very beneficial for improving the out-of-sample forecasting performance of individual models. Despite this, the predictive accuracy of models varies over time considerably, irrespective of using the Bayesian or frequentist approach. We show that mitigating model uncertainty by combining forecasts leads to substantial gains in forecasting performance, especially when applying Bayesian model averaging.On the Practice of Bayesian Inference in Basic Economic Time Series Models using Gibbs Sampling
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/7945/
Mon, 28 Aug 2006 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>R. Segers</div><div>H.K. van Dijk</div>
Several lessons learned from a Bayesian analysis of basic economic time series models by means of the Gibbs sampling algorithm are presented. Models include the Cochrane-Orcutt model for serial correlation, the Koyck distributed lag model, the Unit Root model, the Instrumental Variables model and as Hierarchical Linear Mixed Models, the State-Space model and the Panel Data model. We discuss issues involved when drawing Bayesian inference on regression parameters and variance components, in particular when some parameter have substantial posterior probability near the boundary of the parameter region, and show that one should carefully scan the shape of the posterior density function. Analytical, graphical and empirical results are used along the way.Gibbs sampling in econometric practice
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/7743/
Tue, 21 Mar 2006 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>R. Segers</div><div>H.K. van Dijk</div>
We present a road map for effective application of Bayesian analysis of a class of well-known dynamic econometric models by means of the Gibbs sampling algorithm. Members belonging to this class are the Cochrane-Orcutt model for serial correlation, the Koyck distributed lag model, the Unit Root model and as Hierarchical Linear Mixed Models, the State-Space model and the Panel Data model. We discuss issues involved when drawing Bayesian inference on equation parameters and variance components and show that one should carefully scan the shape of the criterion function for irregularities before applying the Gibbs sampler. Analytical, graphical and empirical results are used along the way.Predicting the Daily Covariance Matrix for S&P 100 Stocks Using Intraday Data - But Which Frequency To Use?
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/6959/
Wed, 21 Sep 2005 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>M.P.E. Martens</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
This paper investigates the merits of high-frequency intraday data when forming minimum variance portfolios and minimum tracking error portfolios with daily rebalancing from the individual constituents of the S&P 100 index. We focus on the issue of determining the optimal sampling frequency, which strikes a balance between variance and bias in covariance matrix estimates due to market microstructure effects such as non-synchronous trading and bid-ask bounce. The optimal sampling frequency typically ranges between 30- and 65-minutes, considerably lower than the popular five-minute frequency. We also examine how bias-correction procedures, based on the addition of leads and lags and on scaling, and a variance-reduction technique, based on subsampling, affect the performance.Testing for changes in volatility in heteroskedastic time series - a further examination
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/1627/
Wed, 22 Sep 2004 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.D. de Pooter</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
We consider tests for sudden changes in the unconditional volatility of
conditionally heteroskedastic time series based on cumulative sums of squares.
When applied to the original series these tests suffer from severe size
distortions, where the correct null hypothesis of no volatility change is
rejected much too frequently. Applying the tests to standardized residuals from
an estimated GARCH model results in good size and reasonable power properties
when testing for a single break in the variance. The tests also appear to be
robust to different types of misspecification. An iterative algorithm is
designed to test sequentially for the presence of multiple changes in
volatility. An application to emerging markets stock returns clearly
illustrates the properties of the different test statistics.Modeling and Forecasting S&P 500 Volatility: Long Memory, Structural Breaks and Nonlinearity
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/6630/
Sat, 05 Jun 2004 00:00:01 GMT<div>M.P.E. Martens</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div><div>M.D. de Pooter</div>
The sum of squared intraday returns provides an unbiased and almost error-free measure of ex-post volatility. In this paper we develop a nonlinear Autoregressive Fractionally Integrated Moving Average (ARFIMA) model for realized volatility, which accommodates level shifts, day-of-the-week effects, leverage effects and volatility level effects. Applying the model to realized volatilities of the S&P 500 stock index and three exchange rates produces forecasts that clearly improve upon the ones obtained from a linear ARFIMA model and from conventional time-series models based on daily returns, treating volatility as a latent variable.