R. Koekkoek (Remmert)
http://repub.eur.nl/ppl/7242/
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http://repub.eur.nl/
RePub, Erasmus University RepositoryA comparison of biased simulation schemes for stochastic volatility models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/18571/
Mon, 01 Feb 2010 00:00:01 GMT<div>R. Lord</div><div>R. Koekkoek</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
Using an Euler discretization to simulate a mean-reverting CEV process gives rise to the problem that while the process itself is guaranteed to be nonnegative, the discretization is not. Although an exact and efficient simulation algorithm exists for this process, at present this is not the case for the CEV-SV stochastic volatility model, with the Heston model as a special case, where the variance is modelled as a mean-reverting CEV process. Consequently, when using an Euler discretization, one must carefully think about how to fix negative variances. Our contribution is threefold. Firstly, we unify all Euler fixes into a single general framework. Secondly, we introduce the new full truncation scheme, tailored to minimize the positive bias found when pricing European options. Thirdly and finally, we numerically compare all Euler fixes to recent quasi-second order schemes of Kahl and Jckel, and Ninomiya and Victoir, as well as to the exact scheme of Broadie and Kaya. The choice of fix is found to be extremely important. The full truncation scheme outperforms all considered biased schemes in terms of bias and root-mean-squared errorA Comparison of Biased Simulation Schemes for Stochastic Volatility Models
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/7738/
Wed, 17 May 2006 00:00:01 GMT<div>R. Lord</div><div>R. Koekkoek</div><div>D.J.C. van Dijk</div>
When using an Euler discretisation to simulate a mean-reverting square root process, one runs into the problem that while the process itself is guaranteed to be nonnegative, the discretisation is not. Although an exact and efficient simulation algorithm exists for this process, at present this is not the case for the Heston stochastic volatility model, where the variance is modelled as a square root process. Consequently, when using an Euler discretisation, one must carefully think about how to fix negative variances. Our contribution is threefold. Firstly, we unify all Euler fixes into a single general framework. Secondly, we introduce the new full truncation scheme, tailored to minimise the upward bias found when pricing European options. Thirdly and finally, we numerically compare all Euler fixes to a recent quasi-second order scheme of Kahl and Jäckel and the exact scheme of Broadie and Kaya. The choice of fix is found to be extremely important. The full truncation scheme by far outperforms all biased schemes in terms of bias, root-mean-squared error, and hence should be the preferred discretisation method for simulation of the Heston model and extensions thereof.Elongated multiple electronic cascade and cyclization spacer systems in activatible anticancer prodrugs for enhanced drug release
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/55077/
Fri, 28 Dec 2001 00:00:01 GMT<div>F.M.H. de Groot</div><div>W.J. Loos</div><div>R. Koekkoek</div><div>L.W.A. van Berkom</div><div>G.F. Busscher</div><div>A.E. Seelen</div><div>C. Albrecht</div><div>P. de Bruijn</div><div>F.A. Scheeren</div>