Sirolimus-eluting stents inhibit neointimal hyperplasia in diabetic patients. Insights from the RAVEL Trial
Patients with diabetes mellitus have less favourable outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than non-diabetics. We performed a subgroup analysis of the multicentre RAVEL trial to examine the impact of the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) on outcomes in diabetic patients. The RAVEL study randomized 238 patients to treatment with either sirolimus-eluting or bare metal stents. Forty-four patients were diabetic; 19 received sirolimus-eluting stents and 25 were treated with bare metal stents. The differences in outcomes between diabetic and non-diabetic patients treated with SES (n=101) were also assessed. Follow-up angiography was performed at 6 months. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as death, myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR) were analysed at 12-month follow-up. Six-month in-stent late lumen loss was significantly lower for the diabetic SES than the bare stent group (0.07+/-0.2 vs 0.82+/-0.5mm; P<0.001) and similar to that in non-diabetics treated with SES (-0.03+/-0.27mm). There was zero restenosis in the SES groups (diabetic and non-diabetic) compared to a 42% rate in the diabetic population assigned to bare metal stents (P=0.001). After 12 months, there was one non-Q-wave MI and one non-cardiac death in the diabetic SES group, while 12 patients in the bare metal stent group had MACE (one death, two MI, nine TLR) (P=0.01)-an event-free survival rate of 90% vs 52%, respectively (P<0.01). There were no TLRs in both SES groups compared to 36% rate in the diabetic bare metal stent group (P=0.007).Conclusion Diabetics treated with SES were associated with a virtual abolition of neointimal proliferation and low event rates at long-term follow-up.
|Keywords||*Stents, Coronary Restenosis/pathology/prevention & control, Coronary Stenosis/*drug therapy/pathology, Diabetic Angiopathies/*drug therapy, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hyperplasia/drug therapy, Immunosuppressive Agents/*administration & dosage, Male, Middle aged, Sirolimus/*administration & dosage, Tunica Intima/*pathology|
Eltchaninoff, H., Guagliumi, G., Laarman, G-J., Morice, M-C., Abizaid, A.S., Sousa, A.G.M.R., … Albertal, M.. (2004). Sirolimus-eluting stents inhibit neointimal hyperplasia in diabetic patients. Insights from the RAVEL Trial. European Heart Journal. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10290