Traditionally aversion to health inequality is modelled through a concave utility function over health outcomes. Bleichrodt et al. [Bleichrodt, H., Diecidue E., Quiggin J., 2004. Equity weights in the allocation of health care: the rank-dependent QALY model. Journal of Health Economics 23, 157-171] have suggested a "dual" approach based on the introduction of explicit equity weights. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how priorities in health care are determined in the framework of these two models. It turns out that policy implications are highly sensitive to the choice of the model that will represent aversion to health inequality.

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Keywords Equity, Health, Social welfare
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Bleichrodt, H., Crainich, D., & Eeckhoudt, L.. (2008). Aversion to health inequalities and priority setting in health care. Journal of Health Economics, 27(6), 1594–1604. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2008.07.004