Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) are modalities of first choice in renal imaging. Until now, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has mainly been used as a problem-solving technique. MRI has the advantage of superior soft-tissue contrast, which provides a powerful tool in the detection and characterization of renal lesions. The MRI features of common and less common renal lesions are discussed as well as the evaluation of the spread of malignant lesions and preoperative assessment. MR urography technique and applications are discussed as well as the role of MRI in the evaluation of potential kidney donors. Furthermore the advances in functional MRI of the kidney are highlighted.

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Keywords humans, kidney diseases, kidney neoplasms, magnetic resonance imaging
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-007-0701-3, hdl.handle.net/1765/15511
Nikken, J.J, & Krestin, G.P. (2007). MRI of the kidney—state of the art. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology, 17(11), 2780–2793. doi:10.1007/s00330-007-0701-3