Objective: Accurate estimation of the risk of postoperative mortality (POM) is essential for the decision whether or not to perform cytoreductive surgery in a patient with advanced stage ovarian cancer. To ascertain modern reference figures, a systematic review of studies reporting POM after primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) was performed. Materials and methods: A Medline search was performed to retrieve papers on primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced stage EOC. Twenty-three papers met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Results: According to population-based studies, POM after primary cytoreductive surgery for EOC is 3.7% on average. Single centre studies report an average rate of 2.5%. The overall mean POM is 2.8%. POM is more frequent for elderly women and after extensive procedures. Accurate information on age-specific and procedure-specific rates could not be obtained. Conclusion: POM rates after surgery for EOC are satisfactorily low. There is a clear need for reliable reference figures for mortality after debulking surgery in the elderly.

Additional Metadata
Keywords 30-day mortality, Advanced stage, Ovarian cancer, Postoperative mortality, Primary cytoreductive surgery
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2009.03.011, hdl.handle.net/1765/16238
Citation
Gerestein, C.G, Damhuis, R.A, Burger, C.W, & Kooi, G.S. (2009). Postoperative mortality after primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer: A systematic review. Gynecologic Oncology, 114(3), 523–527. doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2009.03.011