Hyperglycemia is common among patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and is associated with less favorable clinical outcomes. Guidelines for the treatment of hyperglycemia in myocardial infarction are confusing, partly because of lack of sufficient evidence. Neither do we know what the everyday practice on hyperglycemia in ACS is. Therefore the aim of our study is to describe current glucose management in ACS patients in The Netherlands. We designed a multiple-choice questionnaire that was emailed to all 94 independent cardiology departments of each of the 114 hospitals within The Netherlands. We interviewed cardiologists about their specific hospital setting, the presence, content, and actual use of a dedicated hyperglycemia protocol in the setting of ACS. Ninety-four questionnaires were returned (response rate 100%). Only 32% of the respondents reported to have a routinely applied, dedicated hyperglycemia protocol in the setting of ACS. An admission glucose of 13.0 mmol/L is considered a stress value by 60% of respondents. Treatment of hyperglycemia is postponed until after the acute phase (ie, after >6 hours) in 41% of the cardiology departments and in 76% HbA1c is not routinely measured before discharge. Only a minority of Dutch cardiology departments have a routinely applied, dedicated hyperglycemia protocol for patients admitted with ACS. Different views exist on the interpretation of admission hyperglycemia in patients without previously diagnosed diabetes. Dedicated protocols with well-established treatment goals allow early treatment and are mandatory to improve timely metabolic regulation. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Diabetes, Glucose, Hyperglycemia, Myocardial infarction, Questionnaire, acute coronary syndrome, article, cardiology, clinical protocol, glycemic control, hemoglobin A1c, hemoglobin blood level, hospital admission, hyperglycemia, hyperglycemic agent, insulin, metabolic regulation, priority journal, questionnaire
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/HPC.0b013e3181a27fcf, hdl.handle.net/1765/17145
Citation
de Mulder, M., Oemrawsingh, R.M., Stam, F., Boersma, H., & Umans, V.A.W.M.. (2009). Current management of hyperglycemia in acute coronary syndromes: A national Dutch survey. Critical Pathways in Cardiology: a journal of evidence-based medicine, 8(2), 66–71. doi:10.1097/HPC.0b013e3181a27fcf