Rationale: In cystic fibrosis (CF), lung disease is the predominant cause of morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the spectrum of structural abnormalities on. CT scans from patients with CF with severe advanced lung disease (SALD). No specific CT scoring system for SALD is available. Objectives: To design a quantitative CT scoring system for SALD, to determine the spectrum of structural abnormalities in patients with SALD and to correlate the SALD system with an existing scoring system for mild CF lung disease and pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Methods: 57 patients with CF contributed one CT made during screening for lung transplantation. For the SALD system, lung tissue was divided into four components: infection/inflammation (including bronchiectasis, airway wall thickening, mucus and consolidations), air trapping/ hypoperfusion, bulla/cysts and normal/hyperperfused tissue. The volume proportion of the components was estimated on a 0-100% scale; mean volumes for the whole lung were computed. Scores were correlated with Brody-II scores and PFTs. Results: The SALD system identified a wide spectrum of structural abnormalities ranging from predominantly infection/inflammation to predominantly air trapping/ hypoperfusion. SALD infection/inflammation scores correlated with Brody-II scores (rs = 0.36-0.64) and SALD normal/hyperperfusion scores correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; rs = 0.37). Reproducibility for both systems was good. Conclusions: A CT scoring system was developed to characterise the structural abnormalities in patients with SALD. A wide spectrum was observed in SALD, ranging from predominantly air trapping to predominantly infection/ inflammation-related changes. This spectrum may have clinical implications for patients with SALD.

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Keywords adult, article, bronchiectasis, computer assisted tomography, controlled study, cystic fibrosis, female, human, lung disease, lung function test, lung transplantation, major clinical study, male, priority journal, reproducibility, scoring system, screening
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1136/thx.2008.110908, hdl.handle.net/1765/17969
Loeve, M., van Hal, P.Th.W., Robinson, P., de Jong, P.A., Leguin, M., Hop, W.C.J., … Tiddens, H.A.W.M.. (2009). The spectrum of structural abnormalities on CT scans from patients with CF with severe advanced lung disease. Thorax: an international journal of respiratory medicine, 64(10), 876–882. doi:10.1136/thx.2008.110908