Measuring Spirituality as a Universal Human Experience: A Review of Spirituality Questionnaires
Spirituality is an important theme in health research, since a spiritual orientation can help people to cope with the consequences of a serious disease. Knowledge on the role of spirituality is, however, limited, as most research is based on measures of religiosity rather than spirituality. A questionnaire that transcends specific beliefs is a prerequisite for quantifying the importance of spirituality among people who adhere to a religion or none at all. In this review, we discuss ten questionnaires that address spirituality as a universal human experience. Questionnaires are evaluated with regard to psychometric properties, item formulation and confusion with well-being and distress. Although none of the questionnaires fulfilled all the criteria, the multidimensional Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire is promising.
|Keywords||connectedness, questionaires, reviews, spirituality, transcendence|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-010-9376-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/20763|
de Jager Meezenbroek, E., Garssen, B., Berg, M., van Dierendonck, D., Visser, A., & Schaufeli, W.B.. (2012). Measuring Spirituality as a Universal Human Experience: A Review of Spirituality Questionnaires. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2), 336–354. doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9376-1