Fear- and disgust-related covariation bias and eating disorders symptoms in healthy young women
Covariation bias refers to the phenomenon of overestimating the contingency between certain stimuli and negative outcomes, which is considered as a heuristic playing a role in the maintenance of certain types of psychopathology. In the present study, an attempt was made to investigate covariation bias within the context of eating pathology. In a sample of 61 female undergraduates, . a priori and . a posteriori contingencies were measured between pictures of obese and slim bodies, on the one hand, and fear- or disgust-relevant outcomes, on the other hand. Results indicated that participants in general displayed an . a priori and an . a posteriori covariation bias reflecting an overestimation of the link between obese bodies and disgust-relevant outcomes. However, this bias was not related to eating disorder symptomatology. Meanwhile, eating pathology was positively associated with . a priori covariation biases referring to the associations between obese bodies and fear-relevant outcomes, and between slim bodies and disgust-relevant outcomes. All in all, these findings suggest that covariation bias plays a role in eating pathology.
|Keywords||Covariation bias, Disgust, Eating disorders symptoms, Fear, Obesity|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.09.002, hdl.handle.net/1765/21375|
Mayer, B.N., Muris, P.E.H.M., & Wilschut, M.. (2010). Fear- and disgust-related covariation bias and eating disorders symptoms in healthy young women. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry: a journal of experimental psychopathology, 42(1), 19–25. doi:10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.09.002