A short course of corticosteroids prior to surveillance colonoscopy to decrease mucosal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease patients: Results from a randomized controlled trial
Background: Inflammation is a known pitfall of surveillance colonoscopy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as it is difficult to differentiate between inflammation and true dysplasia. This randomized controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of a low dose of corticosteroids prior to surveillance colonoscopy to decrease mucosal inflammation. Methods: IBD-patients scheduled for surveillance colonoscopy between July 2008-January 2010 were eligible to participate. Patients were randomized to either two weeks daily 20. mg prednisone and calcium plus vitamin D prior to surveillance colonoscopy or no treatment. All biopsies were reviewed by an expert gastrointestinal pathologist who was blinded for medication-use. Statistics were performed using chi-square tests, non-parametric tests and binary logistic regression. Results: Sixty patients (M/F 30/30, UC/CD 31/29) participated: 31 (52%) in the treatment arm and 29 (48%) in the control group. In the treatment arm, 247 biopsies were scored against 262 in the control group. In the treatment arm 27 out of 247 biopsies (10.9%) had a score > 1 on the Geboes scale, against 50 out of 262 biopsies (19.1%) in the control group, p = 0.013. In total, 58% of the treatment arm against 66% of the control group had endoscopic or histological mucosal inflammation (p = 0.6). There was a trend for patients in the treatment arm to have less severe inflammation compared with the control group, however this was not significant (p = 0.12). Conclusions: In our cohort, a short course of corticosteroids decreases the overall histological disease activity in individual biopsies without major side-effects. Moreover, there is a trend for corticosteroids to decrease the maximum severity of both endoscopic and histological disease activity per patient.
|Keywords||Corticosteroids, Dysplasia, Inflammatory bowel disease, Mucosal inflammation, Surveillance colonoscopy|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crohns.2010.07.011, hdl.handle.net/1765/21957|
|Journal||Journal of Crohn's and Colitis|
Baars, J.E, Lansdorp-Vogelaar, I, Wolfhagen, F.H.J, Biermann-Pauls, K, Kuipers, E.J, & van der Woude, C.J. (2010). A short course of corticosteroids prior to surveillance colonoscopy to decrease mucosal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease patients: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, 4(6), 661–668. doi:10.1016/j.crohns.2010.07.011