Abstract BACKGROUND: Population-based data on hospital admissions for children aged 0-17 years concerning all respiratory diseases are scarce. This study examined hospital admissions in relation to the preceding consultations in general practice in this age group. METHODS: Data on children aged 0-17 years with respiratory diseases included in the Second Dutch National Survey of General Practice (DNSGP-2) were linked to all hospital admissions in the Dutch National Medical Registration. Admission rates for respiratory diseases were calculated. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Of all 79,272 children within the DNSGP-2, 1.8% were admitted to hospital for any respiratory diagnosis. The highest admission rates per 1000 children were for chronic disease of tonsils and adenoids (12.9); pneumonia and influenza (0.97); and asthma (0.92). Children aged 0-4 years and boys were admitted more frequently. Of children with asthma, 2.3% were admitted for respiratory diseases. For asthma, admission rates varied by urbanisation level: 0.47/1000 children/year in cities with ≤ 30,000 inhabitants, 1.12 for cities with ≥ 50,000 inhabitants, and 1.73 for the three largest cities (p = 0.002). Multivariate logistic regression showed that within two weeks after a GP consultation, younger age (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.76-0.88) and more severe respiratory diseases (5.55, 95% CI 2.99-8.11) predicted hospital admission. CONCLUSIONS: Children in the general population with respiratory diseases (especially asthma) had very low hospital admission rates. In urban regions children were more frequently admitted due to respiratory morbidity. For effectiveness studies in a primary care setting, hospital admission rates should not be used as quality end-point.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Hospitalization/*statistics & numerical data, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Logistic Models, Male, Netherlands/epidemiology, Odds Ratio, Population Surveillance, Primary Health Care/classification, Registries, Respiratory Tract Diseases/*epidemiology, Sex Distribution
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-11-76, hdl.handle.net/1765/22421
Citation
Uijen, J.H.J.M., Schellevis, F.G., Bindels, P.J.E., Willemsen, S.P., & van der Wouden, J.C.. (2010). Low hospital admission rates for respiratory diseases in children. BMC Family Practice, 11(7), 1–8. doi:10.1186/1471-2296-11-76