Introduction and hypothesis: Major levator ani abnormalities (LAA) may lead to abnormal pelvic floor muscle contraction (pfmC) and secondarily to stress urinary incontinence (SUI), prolapse, or fecal incontinence (FI). Methods: A retrospective observational study included 352 symptomatic patients to determine prevalence of LAA in underactive pfmC and the relationship with symptoms. On 2D/3D transperineal ultrasound, PfmC was subjectively assessed as underactive (UpfmC) or normal (NpfmC) and quantified. LAA, defined as a complete avulsion of the pubic bone, was analyzed using tomographic ultrasound imaging. Results: LAA were found in 53.8% of women with UpfmC versus 16.1% in NpfmC (P<0.001). Patients with UpfmC were less likely to reduce hiatal area on pfmC (mean 7% reduction vs 25% in NpfmC (P<0.001)). An UpfmC was associated with FI (P=0.002), not with SUI or prolapse of the anterior and central compartment. Conclusion: An underactive pfmC is associated with increased prevalence of LAA and FI.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Fecal incontinence, Levator ani abnormalities, Pelvic floor muscle contraction, Prolapse, Stress urinary incontinence, Transperineal ultrasound
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-010-1111-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/28115
Citation
Steensma, A.B., Konstantinovic, M.L., Burger, C.W., de Ridder, D., Timmerman, D., & Deprest, J.A.. (2010). Prevalence of major levator abnormalities in symptomatic patients with an underactive pelvic floor contraction. International Urogynecology Journal: and pelvic floor dysfunction, 21(7), 861–867. doi:10.1007/s00192-010-1111-7