BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is characterized by elevated gonadotrophins and amenorrhea before the age of 40 years and occurs approximately in 1% of women. POF etiology is highly heterogeneous with a wide spectrum of etiological pathogenic mechanisms including genetic causes. These mostly involve numerical, structural or monogenic defects on the X-chromosome. Mutations in a small number of autosomal genes (such as FOXL2 and NOBOX) have been identified as a cause of POF. However, in most cases, the disease underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide linkage analysis in a relatively large Dutch family with seven patients suffering from POF, showing a dominant pattern of inheritance. A genome-wide analysis, using 50K single nucleotide polymorphism arrays, was combined with conventional parametric linkage analysis. RESULTS: We identified three genomic regions on chromosomes 5, 14 and 18 yielding suggestive linkage (multipoint LOD score of 2.4 for each region). After inclusion of one elder unaffected family member, only the region on chromosome 5 remains as a putative POF locus. In addition, we investigated a second family (three living patients over three generations) for the regions on chromosome 5, 14 and 18. Haplotype analysis supported only the locus on chromosome 5q14.1-q15. CONCLUSION: We performed the first genome-wide linkage search in familial POF and identified a region on chromosome 5q14.1-q15, which may harbor a novel POF susceptibility gene.

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Keywords Familial, Genome-wide search, Linkage analysis, Premature ovarian failure, SNPs
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Oldenburg, R., van Dooren, M.F., de Graaf, B.M., Simons, E.J., Govaerts, L.C., Swagemakers, S.M.A., … Bertoli Avella, A.M.. (2008). A genome-wide linkage scan in a Dutch family identifies a premature ovarian failure susceptibility locus. Human Reproduction, 23(12), 2835–2841. doi:10.1093/humrep/den278