Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are computer programs that are able to bring large amounts of data of both the physical and the social system together in one comprehensive overview shown digitally. GIS occurred very rapidly on the Dutch policy agenda. In this paper we analyze how the fast introduction process of GIS-based instruments in water management and more specifically in river flood management can be explained. By applying a range of classical models on agenda-setting, we show the important contribution of GIS to the water and flood issue in current spatial planning and policy development in the Netherlands.

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Keywords Agenda setting, Flood management, GIS applications, Policy, Water, Water governance, Water management
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Moody, R.F.I., & van Ast, J.A.. (2011). Implementation of GIS-Based Applications in Water Governance. Water Resources Management, 1–13. doi:10.1007/s11269-011-9929-4