Health status and its correlates among Dutch community-dwelling older men with and without lower urogenital tract dysfunction
Objective: To study health status and its correlates in older men with and without lower urogenital tract dysfunction. Methods: Cross-sectional population-based study on 1688 men aged 50-78 years without bladder or prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction or a negative advice from their general practitioner. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires, including Sickness Impact Profile (SIP, three domains), Inventory of Subjective Health (ISH), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and International Continence Society (ICS) Male Sex questionnaire, medication use, socio-economic and lifestyle factors. Additional information was collected by measurement of blood pressure, transrectal ultrasonography of the prostate and uroflowmetry. Four health status domains were analyzed using the ISH and three domains of the SIP. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were categorised using IPSS, erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction were defined using the ICS questionnaire. Results: All urogenital characteristics and parameters were related to at least two of the health status domains. Multivariate regression analyses yielded that LUTS and cardiac symptoms were associated with suboptimal scores of all four domains. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and drugs for abdominal symptoms were related to three domains; erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction, muskuloskeletal or psycho(ana)leptic drugs and marital status to two domains. Conclusions: The impact of LUTS on health status was equally important as the impact of cardiac symptoms. The impact of sexual dysfunction was smaller than expected. Longitudinal studies are needed to determine how health status and illnesses interact.
|Keywords||Cardiac symptoms, Ejaculatory dysfunction, Epidemiology, Erectile dysfunction, Health status, LUTS, Older men, Population-based|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0302-2838(02)00172-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/31837|
Blanker, M.H., Driessen, L.F.C., Bosch, J.L.H.R., Bohnen, A.M., Thomas, S., Prins, A., … Groeneveld, F.P.M.J.. (2002). Health status and its correlates among Dutch community-dwelling older men with and without lower urogenital tract dysfunction. European Urology, 41(6), 602–607. doi:10.1016/S0302-2838(02)00172-0