The distressed (Type D) personality is an emerging risk marker for poor health outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. Patients with this personality disposition are typified by a general propensity to experience psychological distress. The contribution focuses on the impact of Type D personality on psychological distress, quality of life, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and mortality in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients and examines the relative influence of this vulnerability factor compared to ICD shocks and markers of disease severity in relation to these outcomes.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Health outcomes, Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, Psychological distress, Type D personality
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00399-011-0139-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/34054
Citation
Pedersen, S.S, & Schiffer, A.A. (2011). The distressed (Type D) personality - A risk marker for poor health outcomes in ICD patients. Herzschrittmachertherapie und Elektrophysiologie, 1–7. doi:10.1007/s00399-011-0139-9