Optimal dose and timing of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) chemotherapy for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is still an unresolved issue. We assessed whether dose intensifications with cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin might improve outcome in younger patients with intermediate-risk aggressive NHL. Previously untreated patients were assigned to receive either 8 courses of standard CHOP (n = 239) or 6 courses of intensified (I)-CHOP (n = 238). Although there was a tendency in favor of I-CHOP for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and event-free survival (EFS), the differences were not significant. However, although these analyses were not planned, when the intermediate-risk group was divided into low-intermediate- and high-intermediate-risk patients according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI), low-intermediate-risk patients had improved 6-year OS (67% vs 52%; P = .05), DFS (58% vs 45%; P = .06), and EFS (41% vs 30%; P = .21) when they were treated with I-CHOP compared with standard CHOP. On the other hand, high-intermediate-risk patients seem to have no benefit from I-CHOP. Although clinically relevant side effects occurred more often in the I-CHOP arm, treatmen-trelated mortality was similar. These data suggest that I-CHOP might be preferable to standard CHOP in younger patients with low-intermediate-risk aggressive NHL.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2006-07-035709, hdl.handle.net/1765/35505
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Verdonck, L.F, Notenboom, A, de Jong, D, MacKenzie, M.A, Verhoef, G.E.G, Kramer, M.H.H, … van Imhoff, G. (2007). Intensified 12-week CHOP (I-CHOP) plus G-CSF compared with standard 24-week CHOP (CHOP-21) for patients with intermediate-risk aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A phase 3 trial of the Dutch-Belgian Hemato-Oncology Cooperative Group (HOVON). Blood, 109(7), 2759–2766. doi:10.1182/blood-2006-07-035709