Predictive value of early maximal exercise test and thallium scintigraphy after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
Restenosis of the dilated vessel after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty can be detected by non-invasive procedures but their ability to predict later restenosis soon after a successful angioplasty as well as recurrence of angina has not been assessed. A maximal exercise test and myocardial thallium perfusion scintigraphy were, therefore, performed in 91 asymptomatic patients a median of 5 weeks after they had undergone a technically successful angioplasty. Primary success of the procedure was confirmed by the decrease in percentage diameter stenosis from 64(12)% to 30(13)% as measured from the coronary angiograms and in the trans-stenotic pressure gradient (normalised for mean aortic pressure) from 0.61(0.16) to 0.17(0.09). A clinical follow up examination (8.6(4.9) months later) was carried out in all patients and a late coronary angiogram obtained in 77. The thallium perfusion scintigram showing the presence or absence of a reversible defect was highly predictive for restenosis whereas the exercise test was not. The positive predictive value of an abnormal scintigram was 82% compared with 60% for the exercise test (ST segment depression/or angina or both at peak workload). Angina or a new myocardial infarction occurred in 60% of patients with abnormal and in 21% of patients with normal scintigrams.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon, *Exercise Test, 0 (Radioisotopes), 7440-28-0 (Thallium), Adult, Aged, Angina Pectoris/diagnosis/*therapy, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Heart/*radionuclide imaging, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Radioisotopes/*diagnostic use, Recurrence, Thallium/*diagnostic use|
|Note||Continued as: Heart|
Wijns, W., Serruys, P.W.J.C., Simoons, M.L., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., de Feyter, P.J., Reiber, J.H.C., & Hugenholtz, P.G.. (1985). Predictive value of early maximal exercise test and thallium scintigraphy after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. British Heart Journal, 53, 194–200. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4136