Value of immediate coronary angioplasty following intracoronary thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction
A total of 533 patients with acute myocardial infarction of less than 4-h duration were enrolled in the multicenter randomized trial of intracoronary thrombolysis compared to conventional treatment. In two of the five participating centers, an additional coronary angioplasty immediately after thrombolysis was attempted in 46 patients. According to the treatment allocation and early and late patency of the infarct related vessel, patients were subdivided into three groups: conventionally treated (group A); successful coronary angioplasty following thrombolysis with persistent patent infarct related vessel (group B); and late patency of the infarct related vessel postthrombolytic therapy without angioplasty (group C). The highest global ejection fractions were observed in group B (54% +/- 10%) and group C (55% +/- 13%), while the lowest ejection fraction was found in group A (47% +/- 14%). The sequential changes in global ejection fraction from the acute to the chronic stage was + 4% (p = 0.05) in group B, while no significant changes could be demonstrated in group C. Furthermore, in the group successfully treated by angioplasty, the improvement in global ejection fraction was more pronounced and persisted up to three months after the intervention. This was supported by analysis of regional myocardial function of the infarct zone (+ 16% improvement, p = 0.01). The long-term clinical follow-up (median 24 months) of the patients successfully treated by combined procedure of thrombolysis and angioplasty (group B) was most favourable with a lower incidence of re-infarction (6%), and late coronary bypass surgery (13%) and/or (re)-percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (3%) was performed less frequently. These results suggest that reperfusion may need to be supplemented by additional revascularization procedures in order to optimize the changes of obtaining full functional recovery and so to improve the prognosis.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon, Combined Modality Therapy, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Vessels/radionuclide imaging, EC 1.1.1.- (2-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase), EC 184.108.40.206 (Hydroxybutyrate Dehydrogenase), EC 3.4.- (Streptokinase), Electrocardiography, Female, Human, Hydroxybutyrate Dehydrogenase/blood, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/*therapy, Random Allocation, Retrospective Studies, Streptokinase/therapeutic use, Stroke Volume, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Suryapranata, H., Serruys, P.W.J.C., Vermeer, F., de Feyter, P.J., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., Simoons, M.L., … van Domburg, R.T.. (1987). Value of immediate coronary angioplasty following intracoronary thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 13, 223–232. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4249