Coronary vasodilatory action of elgodipine in coronary artery disease
The effects of intravenous elgodipine, a new second-generation dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, on hemodynamics and coronary artery diameter were investigated in 15 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease. Despite a significant decrease in systemic blood pressure, elgodipine infused at a rate of 1.5 micrograms/kg/min over a period of 10 minutes did not affect heart rate and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The contractile responses during isovolumic contraction showed a slight but significant increase in maximum velocity (56 +/- 10 to 60 +/- 10 seconds-1; p less than 0.005), whereas the time constant of early relaxation was shortened from 49 +/- 11 to 44 +/- 9 ms (p less than 0.05). Coronary sinus and great cardiac vein flow increased significantly by 15 and 26%, respectively. As mean aortic pressure decreased, a significant decrease in coronary sinus (-27%) and great cardiac vein (-28%) resistance was observed, while the calculated myocardial oxygen consumption remained unchanged. In all, 69 coronary segments (including 13 stenotic segments) were analyzed quantitatively using computer-assisted quantitative coronary angiography. A significant increase in mean coronary artery diameter (2.27 +/- 0.53 to 2.48 +/- 0.53 mm; p less than 0.000001), as well as in obstruction diameter, (1.08 +/- 0.29 to 1.36 +/- 0.32 mm; p less than 0.02), was observed. The results demonstrate that elgodipine, in the route and dose described, induces significant vasodilatation of both coronary resistance and epicardial conductance vessels, without adverse effects on heart rate, myocardial oxygen demand and contractile indexes.
|Keywords||0 (Dihydropyridines), 0 (Vasodilator Agents), 119413-55-7 (elgodipine), Adult, Aged, Analysis of Variance, Cineangiography, Coronary Disease/*physiopathology/radiography, Dihydropyridines/*pharmacology, Female, Heart Rate/drug effects, Human, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Contraction/drug effects, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Vasodilator Agents/*pharmacology, Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects|
Suryapranata, H., Maas, A., MacLeod, D.C., de Feyter, P.J., Verdouw, P.D., & Serruys, P.W.J.C.. (1992). Coronary vasodilatory action of elgodipine in coronary artery disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 69, 1171–1177. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4462