Argatroban and alteplase in patients with acute myocardial infarction: the ARGAMI study
ARGAMI was designed to assess safety and efficacy of argatroban compared with heparin as adjunctive treatment to alteplase in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction. ARGAMI consisted of an open-dose finding study (35 patients) followed by a placebo-controlled study with double dummy technique and 2:1 (argatroban:heparin) randomization. An argatroban dosage of 100 microg/kg bolus plus 3 microg/kg/min infusion for 72 hours was selected for the randomized study in which 82 patients were allocated to argatroban and 45 to heparin (5000 U intravenous bolus, 1000 U/h infusion). Patency of the infarct-related artery (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] grade 2 or 3 flow) after 90 minutes was obtained in 62 patients (76%) allocated to argatroban versus 37 patients (82%) allocated to heparin (p=ns). Angiograms after 24 hours and 5 to 10 days showed low reocclusion rates in both groups. Bleeding complications were observed in 16 patients allocated to argatroban (19.5%) and in 9 patients allocated to heparin (20.0%). One patient allocated to heparin suffered from hemorrhage stroke. Argatroban, given as adjunctive treatment to alteplase, is tolerated well in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Safety and efficacy of the combination alteplase and argatroban (with this dose regimen) are similar to those of alteplase and heparin.
|Keywords||Aged, Angiography, Anticoagulants/adverse effects/blood/pharmacokinetics, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Drug Therapy, Combination, Female, Hemorrhage/chemically induced, Heparin/administration & dosage/adverse effects, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/complications/*drug therapy, Partial Thromboplastin Time, Pipecolic Acids/adverse effects/blood/*pharmacokinetics, Plasminogen Activators/administration & dosage/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics, Survival Rate, Time Factors, Tissue Plasminogen Activator/administration & dosage/adverse effects/*pharmacokinetics|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/1026591023462, hdl.handle.net/1765/5636|
Vermeer, F., Vahanioan, A., Fels, P.W., Besse, P., Muller, E., Fitzgerald, D., … van de Werf, F.J.J.. (2000). Argatroban and alteplase in patients with acute myocardial infarction: the ARGAMI study. Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis: a journal for translation, application and therapeutics, 10(3), 233–240. doi:1026591023462