Diagnostic value of the Rotterdam-CAMCOG in post-stroke dementia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Specific screening tests to detect post-stroke dementia are lacking. We recently reported that an adaptation of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG), the Rotterdam-CAMCOG, had excellent sensitivity and specificity for detecting post-stroke dementia. In this study, we externally validated the diagnostic accuracy of the R-CAMCOG in a new, representative cohort of stroke patients. METHODS: The R-CAMCOG and an extensive neuropsychological examination were administered, independently of each other, in 121 patients aged 55 and over with a stroke in the preceding three to nine months. The gold standard diagnosis of dementia was based on the results of the extensive neuropsychological examination, clinical presentation, and information from a close relative, as well as DSM-IV criteria. RESULTS: Of the 121 patients, 35 had dementia (29%). The diagnostic accuracy at the pre-specified cut-off point of 33/34 was established through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses (sensitivity 66%, specificity 94%). At a cut-off point of 36/37 sensitivity would be 83% and specificity 78%. CONCLUSION: The R-CAMCOG is a useful screening tool for post-stroke dementia in a clinical setting.
|Keywords||*Mental Status Schedule, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cerebrovascular Accident/*complications/*psychology, Dementia/*diagnosis/*etiology, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Sensitivity and Specificity|
de Koning, I., van Kooten, F., Koudstaal, P.J., & Dippel, D.W.J.. (2005). Diagnostic value of the Rotterdam-CAMCOG in post-stroke dementia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of neurology and neurosurgery. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8435