Transient down-regulation of androgen receptor messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression in Sertoli cells by follicle-stimulating hormone is followed by up-regulation of androgen receptor mRNA and protein
In Sertoli cells from 21-day-old rats, the expression of the mRNA encoding the alpha-subunit of inhibin, and the production of immunoreactive inhibin are stimulated by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). In contrast, the amount of beta B-subunit mRNA is not increased after FSH treatment of the cells, and the ratio between bioactive and immunoactive inhibin decreases after stimulation with FSH. These data suggest that the beta B-subunit is the limiting factor in the production of bioactive inhibin. The aim of the present experiments was to investigate the effect of changes in the amount of beta B-subunit mRNA on the production of bioactive and immunoreactive inhibin. During early postnatal testicular development, the relative amounts of the 4.2 kb and 3.5 kb mRNAs encoding the beta B-subunit of inhibin changed markedly. The meaning of this changing ratio between beta B-subunit mRNAs is not clear, since both mRNAs are actively translated, as demonstrated by polysomal analysis. The total amount of beta B-subunit mRNA correlated with the in vitro production of bioactive inhibin as published earlier. Prolonged stimulation of cultured Sertoli cells from 14-day-old rats with 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) caused a decreased expression of the beta B-subunit mRNAs, presumably by down-regulation of protein kinase C. A similar effect was obtained after addition of the calcium ionophore A23187. Concomitantly, a decreased production of bioactive inhibin was observed. Furthermore, Western blotting revealed that secretion of the 32 kDa inhibin alpha beta-dimer was decreased, whereas secretion of the combination of the C-terminal part with the pro-region of the alpha-subunit was increased. It is concluded that the level of the beta B-subunit of inhibin is rate-limiting for the production of bioactive inhibin in cultured Sertoli cells, and that its expression can be influenced by modulation of protein kinase C, and/or intracellular calcium levels.
|Keywords||Aging/physiology, Blotting, Northern, Bucladesine/pharmacology, Cell Nucleus/drug effects/*physiology, Cells, Cultured, Cycloheximide/pharmacology, DNA probes, Down-regulation, Follicle Stimulating Hormone/*pharmacology, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Expression/drug effects, Metribolone/metabolism, RNA, Messenger/genetics/*metabolism, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Androgen/*biosynthesis/drug effects/genetics, Sertoli Cells/drug effects/*physiology, Sexual Maturation, Testis/growth & development, Up-regulation, animals, kinetics, male, rats|
Blok, L.J., Hoogerbrugge, J.W., Themmen, A.P.N., Baarends, W.M., Verhoef-Post, M., & Grootegoed, J.A.. (1992). Transient down-regulation of androgen receptor messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression in Sertoli cells by follicle-stimulating hormone is followed by up-regulation of androgen receptor mRNA and protein. Endocrinology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8886