Tumour type and size are high risk factors for the syndrome of "cerebellar" mutism and subsequent dysarthria
OBJECTIVE: "Cerebellar mutis" and subsequent dysarthria (MSD) is a documented complication of posterior fossa surgery in children. In this prospective study the following risk factors for MSD were assessed: type, size and site of the tumour; hydrocephalus at presentation and after surgery, cerebellar incision site, postoperative infection, and cerebellar swelling. METHODS: In a consecutive series of 42 children with a cerebellar tumour, speech and neuroradiological studies (CT and MRI) were systematically analysed preoperatively and postoperatively. Speech was assessed using the Mayo Clinic lists and the severity of dysarthria using the Michigan rating scale. RESULTS: Twelve children (29%) developed MSD postoperatively. The type of tumour, midline localisation, and vermal incision were significant single independent risk factors. In addition, an interdependency of possible risk factors (tumour>5 cm, medulloblastoma) was found. CONCLUSION: MSD often occurs after paediatric cerebellar tumour removal and is most likely after removal of a medulloblastoma with a maximum lesion diameter>5 cm.
|Keywords||Adolescent, Astrocytoma/pathology/radiography/*surgery, Cerebellar Neoplasms/pathology/radiography/*surgery, Child, Child, Preschool, Cranial Fossa, Posterior/*surgery, Dysarthria/*diagnosis/*etiology, Ependymoma/pathology/radiography/*surgery, Female, Hemangioblastoma/pathology/radiography/*surgery, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Medulloblastoma/pathology/radiography/*surgery, Mutism/diagnosis/*etiology, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Neoplasm Staging, Postoperative Complications/etiology, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Syndrome, Tomography, X-Ray Computed|
Catsman-Berrevoets, C.E., van Dongen, H.R., Paz y Geuze, D., Paquier, P.F., Lequin, M.H., & Mulder, P.G.H.. (1999). Tumour type and size are high risk factors for the syndrome of "cerebellar" mutism and subsequent dysarthria. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in all areas of neurology and neurosurgery. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9196