Effect of dexamethasone on fetal hepatic glutamine-glutamate exchange
Intravenous infusion of dexamethasone (Dex) in the fetal lamb causes a two- to threefold increase in plasma glutamine and other glucogenic amino acids and a decrease of plasma glutamate to approximately one-third of normal. To explore the underlying mechanisms, hepatic amino acid uptake and conversion of L-[1-(13)C]glutamine to L-[1-(13)C]glutamate and (13)CO(2) were measured in six sheep fetuses before and in the last 2 h of a 26-h Dex infusion. Dex decreased hepatic glutamine and alanine uptakes (P < 0.01) and hepatic glutamate output (P < 0.001). Hepatic outputs of the glutamate (R(Glu,Gln)) and CO(2) formed from plasma glutamine decreased to 21 (P < 0.001) and 53% (P = 0.009) of control, respectively. R(Glu,Gln), expressed as a fraction of both outputs, decreased (P < 0.001) from 0.36 +/- 0.02 to 0.18 +/- 0.04. Hepatic glucose output remained virtually zero throughout the experiment. We conclude that Dex decreases fetal hepatic glutamate output by increasing the routing of glutamate carbon into the citric acid cycle and by decreasing the hepatic uptake of glucogenic amino acids.
|Keywords||Alanine/metabolism, Animals, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Carbon Isotopes, Dexamethasone/administration & dosage/*pharmacology, Female, Fetal Weight, Gestational Age, Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage/*pharmacology, Glucose/metabolism, Glutamic Acid/administration & dosage/diagnostic use/*metabolism, Glutamine/administration & dosage/diagnostic use/*metabolism, Infusions, Intravenous, Lactic Acid/blood, Liver Circulation, Liver/*drug effects/*embryology/metabolism, Organ Size, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S., Sheep, Umbilical Veins/physiology|
Timmerman, M., Teng, C., Wilkening, R.B., Fennessey, P.V., Battaglia, F.C., & Meschia, G.. (2000). Effect of dexamethasone on fetal hepatic glutamine-glutamate exchange. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9354