Phase I and pharmacological study of weekly administration of the polyamine synthesis inhibitor SAM 486A (CGP 48 664) in patients with solid tumors. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Early Clinical Studies Group
A single-agent dose-escalating Phase I and pharmacological study of the polyamine synthesis inhibitor SAM 486A was performed. A dosing regimen of four weekly infusions followed by 2 weeks off therapy was studied. Fifty patients were entered into the study. Dose levels studied were 1.25, 2.5, 5, 8, 16, 32, 48, 70, 110, 170, 270, and 325 mg/m2/week. Pharmacokinetic sampling was done on day 1, and trough samples were taken weekly during the first treatment cycle. Pharmacodynamic sampling was done on days 1 and 22. At 325 mg/m2/week, dose-limiting toxicity was seen (one patient each with grade 4 febrile neutropenia, grade 3 neurotoxicity, and grade 3 hypotension with syncope and T-wave inversions on electrocardiogram). The recommended dose for further testing was set at 270 mg/m2/week. Infusion time was increased from 10 to 180 min due to facial paresthesias and flushing and somnolence. Drug exposure increased linearly with dose. Mean +/- SD t1,2 at 70-325 mg/m2 doses was 61.4+/-26.2 h, with a large volume of distribution at steady state. In peripheral blood leukocytes, a clear relationship between dose and inhibitory effect on S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase or changes in intracellular polyamine pools was not recorded. SAM 486A can be administered safely using a dosing regimen of four weekly infusions followed by 2 weeks off therapy. The recommended dose for Phase II studies using this regimen is 270 mg/m2/week.
|Keywords||Adult, Aged, Amidines/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics/*therapeutic use, Anorexia/chemically induced, Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics/*therapeutic use, Area Under Curve, Diarrhea/chemically induced, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Fatigue/chemically induced, Female, Hematologic Diseases/chemically induced, Humans, Indans/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics/*therapeutic use, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle aged, Nausea/chemically induced, Neoplasms/*drug therapy/pathology, Polyamines/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism, Treatment Outcome, Vomiting/chemically induced|
Eskens, F.A.L.M., van Zuylen, C., Wolff, I., Denis, L.J., Planting, A.S.Th., Muskiet, F.A., … Greim, G.A.. (2000). Phase I and pharmacological study of weekly administration of the polyamine synthesis inhibitor SAM 486A (CGP 48 664) in patients with solid tumors. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Early Clinical Studies Group. Clinical Cancer Research. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9368