A comparison of balloon injury models of endovascular lesions in rat arteries
BACKGROUND: Balloon injury (BI) of the rat carotid artery (CCA) is widely used to study intimal hyperplasia (IH) and decrease in lumen diameter (LD), but CCA's small diameter impedes the evaluation of endovascular therapies. Therefore, we validated BI in the aorta (AA) and iliac artery (CIA) to compare it with CCA. METHODS: Rats underwent BI or a sham procedure (control). Light microscopic evaluation was performed either directly or at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 16 weeks follow-up. The area of IH and the change in LD (LD at 16 weeks minus LD post BI) were compared. RESULTS: In the BI-groups the area of IH increased to 0.14 +/- 0.08 mm2 (CCA), 0.14 +/- 0.03 mm2 (CIA) and 0.12 +/- 0.04 mm2 (AA) at 16 weeks (NS). The LD decreased with 0.49 +/- 0.07 mm (CCA), compared to 0.22 +/- 0.07 mm (CIA) and 0.07 +/- 0.10 mm (AA) at 16 weeks (p < 0.05). The constrictive vascular remodelling (CVR = wall circumference loss combined with a decrease in LD) was -0.17 +/- 0.05 mm in CIA but absent in CCA and AA. No IH, no decrease in LD and no CVR was seen in the control groups. CONCLUSIONS: BI resulted in: (1.) a decrease in LD in CCA due to IH, (2.) a decrease in LD in CIA due to IH and CVR, (3.) no change in LD in AA, (4.) Comparable IH development in all arteries, (5.) CCA has no vasa vasorum compared to CIA and AA, (6.) The CIA model combines good access for 2 F endovascular catheters with a decrease in LD due to IH and CVR after BI.
|Keywords||Animals, Aorta, Abdominal/injuries/*pathology, Balloon Dilatation, Carotid Arteries/*pathology, Carotid Artery Injuries/complications/pathology, Carotid Stenosis/etiology/pathology, Comparative Study, Constriction, Pathologic/pathology, Disease Models, Animal, Hyperplasia/etiology/pathology, Iliac Artery/injuries/*pathology, Random Allocation, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Tunica Intima/injuries/*pathology|
Gabeler, E.E., van Hillegersberg, R., Statius van Eps, R.G., Sluiter, W., Gussenhoven, E.J., van Urk, H., & Mulder, P.G.H.. (2002). A comparison of balloon injury models of endovascular lesions in rat arteries. B M C Cardiovascular Disorders. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9982