Total occlusion trial with angioplasty by using laser guidewire. The TOTAL trial.
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AIMS: A randomized trial was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of a laser guidewire, in the treatment of chronic coronary occlusions. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 18 European centres, 303 patients with a chronic coronary occlusion were randomized to treatment with either the laser guidewire (n=144) or conventional guidewires (mechanical guidewire, n=159). The primary end-point of the study was treatment success, defined as reaching the true lumen distal to the occlusion by the allocated wire within 30 min of fluoroscopic time: laser guidewire vs mechanical guidewire; 52.8% (n=76) vs 47.2% (n=75), P=0.33. Serious adverse events following the initial guidewire attempt were 0% (laser guidewire) and 0.6% (mechanical guidewire), respectively. Angioplasty (performed following successful guidewire crossing) was successful in 179 patients (91%, laser guidewire n=79, mechanical guidewire n=100), followed by stent implantation in 149 (79%). At the 6-month angiographic follow-up, the difference in binary restenosis rate (laser guidewire vs mechanical guidewire; 45.5% vs 38.3 %, P=0.72) or reocclusion rate (25.8% vs 16.1%, P=0.15) did not reach statistical significance. At 1, 6 and 12 months, angina and event-free survival were 69%, 35% and 24% (laser guidewire) vs 74%, 40% and 31% (mechanical guidewire). CONCLUSION: Although laser guidewire technology was safe, the increase in crossing success did not reach statistical significance.
- Comparative Study
- Follow-Up Studies
- Middle Aged
- Treatment Outcome
- Coronary Angiography
- Severity of Illness Index
- Survival Rate
- Coronary Disease/mortality/radiography/*therapy
- Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/*instrumentation
- Equipment Safety
- Lasers/*therapeutic use