Kinetics of dengue virus-specific serum immunoglobulin classes and subclasses correlate with clinical outcome of infection.
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The kinetics of dengue virus (DEN)-specific serum immunoglobulin classes (immunoglobulin M [IgM] and IgA) and subclasses (IgG1 to IgG4) were studied in patients suffering from dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Serum samples from non-DEN febrile patients were included as controls. IgM, IgG1, and IgG3 serum antibodies were the predominant immunoglobulins throughout the course of illness in all three patient groups. In contrast, IgA antibodies were significantly higher in the acute phase in DSS patients compared to those in DF patients (P < 0.05). The levels of IgG1 differed significantly between patients with DF and those with DHF and DSS (P < 0.05). A significant difference was also found in IgG3 levels between DF patients and DHF patients (P < 0.05) but not between DF patients and DSS patients. Finally, levels of IgG4 antibodies differed significantly between DF patients and DSS patients (P < 0.05). Collectively, these data show that increased levels of DEN-specific IgA, IgG1, and IgG4 serum antibodies are risk markers for the development of DHF and DSS and that their measurement may provide valuable guidance for early therapeutic intervention. AD - Laboratory for Exotic Viral Infections, Institute of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Child, Preschool
- Severity of Illness Index
- Antibodies, Viral/*blood
- Antibody Specificity
- Dengue Virus/*immunology
- Immunoglobulin Isotypes/*blood