Visualization of elusive structures using intracardiac echocardiography: insights from electrophysiology.
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Electrophysiological mapping and ablation techniques are increasingly used to diagnose and treat many types of supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias. These procedures require an intimate knowledge of intracardiac anatomy and their use has led to a renewed interest in visualization of specific structures. This has required collaborative efforts from imaging as well as electrophysiology experts. Classical imaging techniques may be unable to visualize structures involved in arrhythmia mechanisms and therapy. Novel methods, such as intracardiac echocardiography and three-dimensional echocardiography, have been refined and these technological improvements have opened new perspectives for more effective and accurate imaging during electrophysiology procedures. Concurrently, visualization of these structures noticeably improved our ability to identify intracardiac structures. The aim of this review is to provide electrophysiologists with an overview of recent insights into the structure of the heart obtained with intracardiac echocardiography and to indicate to the echo-specialist which structures are potentially important for the electrophysiologist.
- Body Surface Potential Mapping/instrumentation/*methods/trends
- Catheter Ablation/instrumentation/*methods/trends
- Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation/*methods/trends
- Surgery, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation/*methods/trends
- Image Enhancement/instrumentation/*methods
- intracardiac echocardiography
- atrial fibrillation
- page number
- citation purposes
- interatrial septum
- terminal crest