The effect of perindopril on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes in the EUROPA study: results from the PERSUADE substudy.
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AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor perindopril on cardiovascular events in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1502 diabetic patients with known coronary artery disease and without heart failure of 12 218 overall in the EUropean trial on Reduction Of cardiac events with Perindopril in stable coronary Artery (EUROPA) disease were randomized in a double-blinded manner to perindopril 8 mg once daily or placebo. Follow-up was for a median of 4.3 years. The primary end point was cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and resuscitated cardiac arrest. Perindopril treatment was associated with a non-significant reduction in the primary endpoint in the diabetic population, 12.6 vs. 15.5%, relative risk reduction 19% [(95% CI, -7 to 38%), P=0.13]. This was of similar relative magnitude to the 20% risk reduction observed in the main EUROPA population. CONCLUSION: Perindopril tends to reduce major cardiovascular events in diabetic patients with coronary disease in addition to other preventive treatments and the trend towards reduction was of a similar relative magnitude to that observed the general population with coronary artery disease.
- Middle aged
- Prospective Studies
- Double-Blind Method
- Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/*therapeutic use
- Myocardial Infarction/etiology/mortality
- Coronary Artery Disease/*drug therapy/mortality
- Diabetic Angiopathies/*drug therapy/mortality
- Heart Arrest/etiology/mortality
- Perindopril/*therapeutic use