Serotyping of Dutch Staphylococcus aureus strains from carriage and infection.
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International epidemiological studies have shown that clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus are usually capsulated with either type 5 or 8 capsular polysaccharides (CPs). Because all noncapsulated strains were found to be cross-reactive with polysaccharide 336 (336PS) antibodies, the noncapsulated strains were denoted as type 336PS. The capsular types of 162 Dutch methicillin-susceptible S. aureus strains derived from individuals living in the Rotterdam area were determined. The serotype distribution was 28.4% serotype 5, 53.7% type 8, and 17.9% type 336PS. Serotyping was in agreement with genotyping by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and multi locus sequence typing (MLST). Among 49 nasal carriage isolates from healthy children 24.5% belonged to serotype 5, 67.3% were type 8 and 8.2% were type 336PS. For 28 adult patients on chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) the serotype incidences among carriage isolates obtained from the nose, catheter exit-site, and abdominal skin were 45.1%, 41.2% and 13.7%, respectively. Among S. aureus strains deriving from blood cultures, the serotype incidences were 17.7% serotype 5, 53.2% type 8, and 29.0% type 336PS. Apparently, type 336PS strains are more prevalent (P=0.017) among bacteraemia isolates as compared with the nasal carriage isolates obtained from healthy children and CAPD patients. In conclusion, all Dutch S. aureus isolates belonged to types 5, 8, or 336PS, which is in agreement with data from other countries. Thus, addition of the 336PS conjugate to a type 5- and type 8-CP protein conjugate vaccine would significantly extend the vaccine coverage.