Relation between preoperative and intraoperative new wall motion abnormalities in vascular surgery patients: A transesophageal echocardiographic study
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Background: Coronary revascularization of the suspected culprit coronary lesion assessed by preoperative stress testing is not associated with improved outcome in vascular surgery patients. Methods: Fifty-four major vascular surgery patients underwent preoperative dobutamine echocardiography and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. The locations of left ventricular rest wall motion abnormalities and new wall motion abnormalities (NWMAs) were scored using a seven-wall model. During 30-day follow-up, postoperative cardiac troponin release, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death were noted. Results: Rest wall motion abnormalities were noted by dobutamine echocardiography in 17 patients (31%), and transesophageal echocardiography was noted in 16 (30%). NWMAs were induced during dobutamine echocardiography in 17 patients (31%), whereas NWMAs were observed by transesophageal echocardiography in 23 (43%), κ value = 0.65. Although preoperative and intraoperative rest wall motion abnormalities showed an excellent agreement for the location (κ value = 0.92), the agreement for preoperative and intraoperative NWMAs in different locations was poor (κ value = 0.26-0.44). The composite cardiac endpoint occurred in 14 patients (26%). Conclusions: There was a poor correlation between the locations of preoperatively assessed stress-induced NWMAs by dobutamine echocardiography and those observed intraoperatively using transesophageal echocardiography. However, the composite endpoint of outcome was met more frequently in relation with intraoperative NWMAs.