Labour in Globalized Agricultural Value Chains
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ABSTRACT This chapter develops a theoretically informed explanation of control, representation and recruitment of workers at the beginning of agricultural value chains and of the income and social insecurities embedded in them. It focuses on three case studies: asparagus farming in the Philippines, tomato production in Brazil and cotton cultivation in Pakistan. Through these cases the authors analyse processes of risk allocation and representation, delegation and the removal of skilled tasks, alongside changing management models for remuneration and employment security. Socio-demographic characteristics that pre-existed workers’ recruitment are drawn upon to explain the persistence of poverty and insecurity of workers after their inclusion into global value chains.
- value chains