Impact of contrast material volume on quantitative assessment of reperfused acute myocardial infarction using delayed-enhancement 64-slice CT: Experience in a porcine model
Purpose: Our purpose in this study was to compare the impact of contrast material volume in delayed-enhancement computer tomography (CT) imaging for assessing acute reperfused myocardial infarction. Materials and methods: In five domestic pigs (20-30 kg), the circumflex coronary artery (CX) was balloon-occluded for 2 h followed by reperfusion. After 5 days, CT imaging was performed after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast material (Iomeprol 400mgI/ml; Bracco, Italy). A 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) (Sensation 64, Siemens) scanner was used for imaging, with standard angiography characteristics. Three scans were performed: first, coronary angiography at first pass with 1.25 gI/kg of contrast material (ART); and remaining delayed-enhancement (DE1-DE2) 15 min after administration of 1.25 (DE1) and 15 min after additional administration of 2.50 gI/kg (=total 3.75 gI/kg-DE2). Mean heart rate decreased to 51±9 bpm after intravenous administration of Zatebradine (10 mg/kg). Data sets were reconstructed during the end-diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle. Areas of infarction-enhanced (DE), no-reflow (no-reflow) and remote myocardial [remote left ventricle (LV)] were manually contoured. CT attenuation values (Hounsfield units) were measured using five regions of interest: DE, no-reflow, remote LV, left ventricular cavity (lumen LV) and in air. Differences, correlations, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated. Results: We found significant differences between the attenuation of DE, no-reflow and remote LV (p<0.001). DE and no-reflow size were assessed accurately with DEMDCT. In particular, SNR and CNR showed higher values in DE2(∼6.0 and 3.5, respectively; r2=0.90) vs. DE1(∼4.0 and 2.2, respectively; r2=0.85). Conclusions: The increase of contrast material volume determines a significant improvement in myocardial infarction image quality with DE-MDCT.