Further characterization of an antigenic site of HIV-1 gp120 recognized by virus neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies.
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to characterize antigenic sites on HIV-1 gp120 which may be important for the development of active and passive immunization strategies against HIV-1 infection. DESIGN: Two HIV-1-seropositive individuals were selected from the Amsterdam cohort and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B cells were generated from their peripheral blood mononuclear cells, which produce HIV-1-specific human monoclonal antibodies (HuMAb). METHODS: HuMAb were generated and selected based on their reactivities with native gp120. Reactivity with HIV-1 strains from phylogenetically different subfamilies was determined by immunostaining and virus neutralization assays. Specificity for the CD4-binding site was tested by an inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and amino acids (aa) involved in the binding of the HuMAb were identified with a set of gp120 molecules with single aa substitutions. RESULTS: Three HuMAb (GP13, GP44, GP68) were generated, all recognizing a conserved conformation dependent epitope within, or topographically near, the CD4-binding site of gp120. HuMAb GP13 and GP68 neutralized a broad range of HIV-1 strains from phylogenetically different subfamilies, whereas HuMAb GP44 exhibited a more restricted pattern of neutralizing activity. The patterns of gp120 aa involved in their binding were unique for each of these HuMAb. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of reactivities of these three HIV-1-neutralizing HuMAb developed in these studies is similar to, but distinct from other human and rodent MAb that recognize this antigenic site of HIV-1 gp120.
- Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
- 0 (Antibodies, Monoclonal)
- Neutralization Tests
- Antibody Specificity
- 0 (Epitopes)
- Antibodies, Monoclonal/*immunology
- 0 (Antibodies, Viral)
- Antibodies, Viral/*immunology
- 0 (HIV Envelope Protein gp120)
- Clone Cells/microbiology
- HIV Envelope Protein gp120/*immunology