Assessment of pulmonary valve and right ventricular outflow tract with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography
Aim: Assessment of pulmonary valve (PV) and right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). Methods: Two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and RT3DE were performed in 50 patients with congenital heart disease (mean age 32 ± 9.5 years, 60% female). Measurements were obtained at parasternal views: short axis (PSAX) at aortic valve level and long axis (PLAX) with superior tilting. RT3DE visualization was evaluated by 4-point score (1: not visualized, 2: inadequate, 3: sufficient, and 4: excellent). Diameters of PV annulus (PVAD), and RVOT (RVOTD) were measured by both 2DE and RT3DE, while areas (PVAA) and (RVOTA) by RT3DE only. Results: By RT3DE, PV was visualized sufficiently in 68% and RVOTexcellently in 40%. PVAD and PVAA were measured in 88%. RVOTD and PVAD by 2DE at PLAX were significantly higher than PSAX (P < 0.0001) and lower than that by RT3DE (P < 0.001). Conclusion: RT3DE helps inRVOT and PV assessment adding more details supplemental to 2DE.
- Pulmonary valve (PV)
- Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT)
- Real time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE)