Economic Integration, Opportunity Structure and Migration in Papua New Guinea
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That migration is a result of perceived inequality has been positively established by comprehensive national studies (Herrick 1965; Caldwell 1969; Pryor 1975; Guarnaut 1977) and by two or three thousand village-based or local studies (Connell 1976). But whereas the mainstream of migration studies, following the Todaro model (Todaro 1969), emphasises rural-urban differentials, the 'Connell hypothesis' emphasises intra-rural inequality as a vital contributing factor (Connell 1976: 196), and the 'Amin argument' stresses analysis of the evolution and structures of inequality (Amin 1972: 90-3).
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