Increase in Il-31 Serum Levels Is Associated with Reduced Structural Damage in Early Axial Spondyloarthritis
In spondyloarthritis, little is known about the relation between circulating cytokines and patient phenotype. We have quantified serum levels of T helper type 1 cell (Th1), Th2 and Th17 cytokines in patients with recent-onset axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) from the DESIR cohort, a prospective, multicenter French cohort consisting of 708 patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain (duration >3 months but <3 years) suggestive of AxSpA. Serum levels of Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines were assessed at baseline in patients from the DESIR cohort fulfilling the ASAS criteria (ASAS+) and were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. At baseline, ASAS+ patients (n = 443) and healthy controls (n = 79) did not differ in levels of most of the Th1, Th2 and Th17 cytokines except for IL-31, and sCD40L, which were significantly higher for ASAS+ patients than controls (p < 0.001 and p = 0.012, respectively). On multivariable analysis of ASAS+ patients, IL-31 level was associated with sCD40L level (p < 0.0001), modified Stoke AS Spine Score (mSASSS) < 1 (p = 0.035). The multivariable analyses showed that IL-31 was an independent factor associated with mSASSS < 1 (p = 0.001) and low bone mineral density (p = 0.01). Increased level of IL-31 might protect against structural damage but is also related to low BMD.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25722-z, hdl.handle.net/1765/106501|
Rosine, N. (Nicolas), Etcheto, A. (Adrien), Hendel-Chavez, H. (Houria), Seror, R. (Raphaèle), Briot, K. (Karine), Molto, A. (Anna), … Miceli-Richard, C. (Corinne). (2018). Increase in Il-31 Serum Levels Is Associated with Reduced Structural Damage in Early Axial Spondyloarthritis. Scientific Reports, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-25722-z