Objectives: Multidetector CT (MDCT) is a valuable tool for functional prosthetic heart valve (PHV) assessment. However, radiation exposure remains a concern. We assessed a novel CT-acquisition protocol for comprehensive PHV evaluation at limited dose. Methods: Patients with a PHV were scanned using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner (DSCT) and iterative reconstruction technique (IR). Three acquisitions were obtained: a non-enhanced scan; a contrast-enhanced, ECG-triggered, arterial CT angiography (CTA) scan with reconstructions at each 5 % of the R-R interval; and a delayed high-pitch CTA of the entire chest. Image quality was scored on a five-point scale. Radiation dose was obtained from the reported CT dose index (CTDI) and dose length product (DLP). Results: We analysed 43 CT examinations. Mean image quality score was 4.1±1.4, 4.7±0.5 and 4.2±0.6 for the non-contrast-enhanced, arterial and delayed acquisitions, respectively, with a total mean image quality of 4.3±0.7. Mean image quality for leaflet motion was 3.9±1.4. Mean DLP was 28.2±17.1, 457.3±168.6 and 68.5±47.2 mGy.cm for the non-contrast-enhanced (n=40), arterial (n=43) and delayed acquisition (n=43), respectively. The mean total DLP was 569±208 mGy.cm and mean total radiation dose was 8.3±3.0 mSv (n=43). Conclusion: Comprehensive assessment of PHVs is possible using DSCT and IR at moderate radiation dose. Key points: • Prosthetic heart valve dysfunction is a potentially life-threatening condition. • Dual-source CT can adequately assess valve leaflet motion and anatomy. • We assessed a comprehensive protocol with three acquisitions for PHV evaluation. • This protocol is associated with good image quality and limited dose.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cardiac imaging, Computed tomography, Image quality, Prosthetic heart valve, Radiation dose
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-017-5163-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/110524
Journal European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology
Citation
Faure, M.E. (Marguerite E.), Swart, L.E, Dijkshoorn, M.L, Bekkers, J.A, van Straten, M, Nieman, K, … Budde, R.P.J. (2018). Advanced CT acquisition protocol with a third-generation dual-source CT scanner and iterative reconstruction technique for comprehensive prosthetic heart valve assessment. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology, 28(5), 2159–2168. doi:10.1007/s00330-017-5163-7