Campylobacter jejuni-related diarrheal diseases is one of the major health issues among young children (0–59 months old) in low-income countries. Monitoring of the capsular (capsule polysaccharide, CPS) types of virulent C. jejuni strains in regions where the disease is endemic is of great importance for the development of a customized capsule-based multivalent vaccine. Therefore, we aimed to determine the prevalence of CPS genotypes among C. jejuni strains isolated from young children with enteritis (n = 152) and asymptomatic carriers matched by age, sex, and residence defined as the control group (n = 215) in Bangladesh. CPS genotyping was performed using a newly established multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and lipooligosaccharide (LOS) locus classes (A–E) were characterized using PCR as well. We identified 24 different CPS genotypes among the 367 isolates. Four prevalent capsular types, HS5/31 complex (n = 27, 18%), HS3 (n = 26, 17%), HS4A (n = 10, 7%), and HS8/17 (n = 10, 7%) covered almost 50% of the strains from enteritis patients and 43% of the isolates from controls. In combination, the CPS genotype and LOS class was not discriminative between cases and controls. Dominant capsular types previously identified in C. jejuni strains isolated from patients with Guillain–Barré syndrome in Bangladesh were rarely detected in strains isolated from the young children. A similar distribution was evident among enteritis- and control-related strains when comparison was done between CPS types and LOS classes. This is the first systematic study presenting the distribution of CPS genotypes of C. jejuni strains isolated in Bangladesh from children with diarrhea and controls, with capsular genotypes HS5/31 complex, HS3, HS4A, and HS8/17 being prevalent in both. In conclusion, systematic studies are required to develop a multivalent capsule-based vaccine for children in low-income countries.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-017-3165-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/112380
Journal European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases: an international journal on pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology, therapy, and prevention of infectious diseases
Citation
Islam, Z, Sarker, S.K. (S. K.), Jahan, I. (I.), Farzana, K.S. (K. S.), Ahmed, D, Faruque, S.M, … Endtz, H.P. (2018). Capsular genotype and lipooligosaccharide locus class distribution in Campylobacter jejuni from young children with diarrhea and asymptomatic carriers in Bangladesh. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases: an international journal on pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology, therapy, and prevention of infectious diseases, 37(4), 723–728. doi:10.1007/s10096-017-3165-7