Essentials The knowledge of quality and safety of acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon use in children is limited. We used data from a multicenter retrospective follow-up study in children in the Netherlands. The quality of anticoagulation control in the first month of use was low, but improved thereafter. No thromboembolic events occurred, however bleeding events occurred in 1–3 out of 10 patients. Summary: Background The use of vitamin-K antagonists in pediatric patients is rare and information on the quality and safety of treatment with acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon is limited. Objectives To assess the quality, safety and effectiveness during the first year of acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon treatment in pediatric patients in the Netherlands. Methods The Children Anticoagulation and Pharmacogenetics Study (CAPS) was designed as a multicenter retrospective follow-up study. Patients who used acenocoumarol or phenprocoumon at an age of ≤ 18 years, were selected from four pediatric hospitals and one anticoagulation clinic in the Netherlands. The quality of treatment was assessed by calculating the percentage of time in therapeutic INR range (TTR) for the first month and for every 3 months of use during the first year of treatment. Effectiveness and safety were assessed by the number of thromboembolic and bleeding events. Results In total, 213 patients participated, of whom 187 (155 acenocoumarol; 32 phenprocoumon) were included in this analysis. The mean TTR was 47.0% and 51.4% in the first month of use for acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon, respectively. After the first 3 months the mean TTR for both VKAs was above 64%. In 14.6% (acenocoumarol) and 31.3% (phenprocoumon) of the patients a bleeding event occurred during the first year of treatment; no thromboembolic events were reported. Conclusions The quality of anticoagulation treatment was low during the first month of use and leaves room for improvement. After the first month it increased to an acceptable level. However, bleeding events occurred frequently during the first year.

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Keywords acenocoumarol, adolescent, anticoagulants, child, infant, pediatrics, phenprocoumon
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Journal Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Maagdenberg, H. (H.), Bierings, M, van Ommen, C.H, van der Meer, F.J.M, Appel, I.M, Tamminga, R, … Maitland-van der Zee, A-H. (2018). Characteristics and quality of oral anticoagulation treatment in pediatric patients in the Netherlands based on the CAPS cohort. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 16(1), 116–124. doi:10.1111/jth.13897