Intestinal failure is defined as a critical reduction of the gut mass or function, below the minimum needed to absorb nutrients and fluids. The ultimate goal in intestinal failure is to promote bowel adaptation and reach enteral autonomy while a healthy growth and development is maintained. The condition is heterogeneous and complex. Therefore, recommendations for the type and duration of parenteral, enteral, and oral nutrition are variable, with the child's age as an additional key factor. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of nutritional feeding strategies in this heterogeneous population. Different perspectives on nutritional management, nutrition and adaptation, and microbiome and nutrition will be discussed.

adaptation, blended diet, intestinal failure, microbiome, nutritional feeding strategies, short bowel syndrome,
Department of Internal Medicine

Olieman, J.F, & Kastelijn, W. (Wendy). (2020). Nutritional Feeding Strategies in Pediatric Intestinal Failure. Nutrients (Vol. 12). doi:10.3390/nu12010177