This article reports on a quantitative study of 1,117 cases of transposition of directives in five EU Member States and eight policy sectors between 1978 and 2002. It finds significant cross-sectoral performance differences, which complicate generalization from studies of only one sector. These differences can be partly explained by systematic cross-sectoral differences in transposition deadlines given, the share of Council versus Commission directives, and the legal implementation measures used. © 2010 The Author(s). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies

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Journal JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies
Haverland, M, Steunenberg, B, & van Waarden, F. (2011). Sectors at Different Speeds: Analysing Transposition Deficits in the European Union. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2), 265–291. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02120.x