Summary. The key question of this study is whether policies adopted elsewhere in Europe might be useful in helping to increase the labour force participation of women and of older workers in the Netherlands, and thus improve the financial basis for social security arrangements. We examined the effectiveness of national policy measures over and above that of the individual-level determinants that are traditionally examined in economic and sociological studies. The data on labour force participation are from the European Social Survey, and information on public policy arrangements comes from the MULTILINKS database. Regarding the labour force participation of women, findings show the importance of distinguishing financial measures and care services. Women generally work fewer hours per week in countries with generous financial support for families (tax benefits, child support), and more hours in countries with generous parental leaves. Regarding the participation of older workers, findings show the importance of distinguishing the minimum pension level (negative association with the likelihood of having a job) and pension as a proportion of earned wage (no association with having a job). A novelty of the present study is its ability to demonstrate the impact of national arrangements at the level of individual participation behaviour.

Additional Metadata
Keywords ageing workforce, cross-national comparison, harmonized policy indicators, female labour force participation, harmonized policy indicators, older workers
Sponsor Stichting Instituut Gak. Deelprogramma "Demografische ontwikkelingen, ontgroening en vergrijzing. Meervoudig productief: Op zoek naar activerende instituties" (SZ 2025).
Persistent URL
Journal Beleid & maatschappij
Note Accepted Author Manuscript version
Schippers, J.J, Dykstra, P.A, Fokkema, T, & Fleischmann, M. (2013). Participatiebevordering: werken aan draagvlak voor de sociale zekerheid. Beleid & maatschappij, 2013, 1–25. Retrieved from