Elastic scattering of light in tissue offers a natural biologic contrast that can be used to classify tissue for diagnostic purposes. For a single fiber reflectance spectroscopy setup, which uses a single multimode optical fiber with diameter dfib for both illumination and detection, our group has previously reported a relationship between the single fiber reflectance (SFR) signal and the dimensionless scattering (μ′sd fib). Based on this relationship, the multi-diameter single fiber reflectance method (MDSFR), was developed. This method allows the extraction of μ′s and a phase function dependent parameter γ=(1-g2) / (1-g1) from tissue by taking multiple SFR measurements with different fiber diameters. Limitations and the sensitivity of the MDSFR method have been discussed previously based on an in silicoanalysis and the feasibility of the method has been proven experimentally during measurements in scattering phantoms containing polystyrene spheres. In the current study we will present data from an in-vivo clinical study utilizing MDSFR to determine tissue scattering properties of healthy and malignant breast tissue, on patients undergoing biopsy of a suspicious lesion found during mammographic breast imaging. Here MDSFR measurements are performed with a custom made disposable probe, incorporating two fiber diameters (0.4 and 0.8 mm), which is inserted through the biopsy needle before the biopsy is taken, allowing in vivo spectroscopic measurements of tumor center and healthy tissue.

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Keywords breast cancer, clinical measurements, multi-diameter single fiber reflectance spectroscopy (MDSFR), scattering properties
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2008852, hdl.handle.net/1765/57573
Conference Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VII
Gamm, U.A, Heijblom, M, Piras, D, van den Engh, F.M, Manohar, S, Steenbergen, W, … Amelink, A. (2013). In vivo determination of scattering properties of healthy and malignant breast tissue by use of multi-diameter-single fiber reflectance spectroscopy (MDSFR). Presented at the Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VII. doi:10.1117/12.2008852