Childhood overweight and obesity is a major public health concern. Adverse health and psychosocial outcomes associated with childhood overweight include elevated blood pressure and hypertension, type 2 diabetes, asthma, sleeping disorders, low self-esteem, and decreased quality of life. Long term consequences of childhood overweight include the persistence (or tracking) of overweight from childhood into adulthood and the increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and premature mortality. Over the past three decades, the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has risen markedly. The current prevalence of overweight varies across continents; North America, Europe, and parts of the Western Pacific have the highest prevalence with 20-30% of all children being overweight [8]. In the Netherlands, regular nationwide growth studies are conducted among children aged 0-21 years. Comparison of findings over the past three decades has shown a two- to three-fold increase in overweight prevalence and a four- to six-fold increase in obesity prevalence among native Dutch children. In the most recent study, conducted in 2009, the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) was 13.3% and 14.9% for native Dutch boys and girls, respectively.

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Keywords children, lifestyle behavior, obese, childhood overweight, obesity
Promotor H. Raat (Hein) , J.P. Mackenbach (Johan)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Sponsor The Generation R Study is conducted by the Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam in close collaboration with the Erasmus University Rotterdam, School of Law and Faculty of Social Sciences, the Municipal Health Service Rotterdam area, the Rotterdam Homecare Foundation, and the Stichting Trombosedienst & Artsenlaboratorium Rijnmond (STAR), Rotterdam. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of general practitioners, hospitals, midwives and pharmacies in Rotterdam. The general design of the Generation R Study was made possible by financial support from the Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, the Erasmus University Rotterdam, and the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw). The work presented in this thesis was conducted at the Generation R Study Group and the Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and was supported by an additional grant from ZonMw (Grant Number 102047). Financial support for this dissertation was kindly provided by the Generation R Study and the Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center.
ISBN 978-94-6169-626-7
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/78112
Note Due to embargo regulations RePub contains an edited version of this thesis.
Wijtzes, A.I. (2015, May 13). Social Inequalities in Young Children’s Lifestyle Behaviors and Childhood Overweight. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/78112