Ischaemic heart disease in Turkish migrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus in The Netherlands: wait for the next generation?
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of ischaemic heart disease in Turkish and Surinam-Asian migrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Netherlands as compared with Europeans. METHODS: In a consecutive case-control study, 59 Turkish and 62 Surinam-Asian patients were compared with 185 Europeans referred to a diabetes clinic for treatment of type 2 diabetes in the period 1992 to 1998. Main outcome measures were ischaemic heart disease and its associated risk factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease was lower (9%) in the Turks (p < 0.02), but higher (29%) in the Surinam-Asians compared with the Europeans (23%). The Turks (52 +/- 10 years) and Surinam-Asians (46 +/- 12 years) were younger than the Europeans (64 +/- 11 years, p < 0.001). Body mass index was 32 +/- 5 (p < 0.001) in the Turks, 27 +/- 5 in the Surinam-Asians (p < 0.05) and 29 +/- 5 in the Europeans. Turkish patients smoked less (23%, p < 0.05) and used less alcohol (4%, p < 0.05) than the Europeans. Proteinuria was found in 24% of the Turks (p < 0.05), 37% of the Surinam-Asians (NS) and 46% of the Europeans. In univariate analysis ischaemic heart disease was related to Turkish origin, OR 0.34 (0.14-0.83) p < 0.02, to Surinam-Asian origin, OR 1.84 (1.00-3.38) p = 0.05, and smoking, OR 1.78 (1.18-2.68) p < 0.01. Other variables were not related to ischaemic heart disease. Multivariate analysis in a model with ethnicity and smoking showed significant relations between ischaemic heart disease and Turkish ethnicity, OR 0.19 (0.06-0.65) p = 0.007, Surinam-Asian origin, OR 2.77 (1.45-5.28) p = 0.002, and smoking, OR 1.79 (1.20-2.66) p = 0.004. CONCLUSION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus in different ethnic groups results in a significant difference in incidence of ischaemic heart disease. The most remarkable finding is a low incidence of ischaemic heart disease in the Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes, independent of smoking. The high prevalence of ischaemic heart disease in young migrant Asians with diabetes is confirmed.
|Keywords||Case-Control Studies, Comparative Study, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*complications, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle aged, Multivariate Analysis, Myocardial Ischemia/*ethnology/etiology, Netherlands/epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Smoking/adverse effects, Suriname/ethnology, Turkey/ethnology|
Dijkstra, S., Klok, M., van Hoogenhuyze, D.C.A., Sauerwein, H.P., & Berghout, A.. (2002). Ischaemic heart disease in Turkish migrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus in The Netherlands: wait for the next generation?. Netherlands Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10122