We study the impact of FOMC announcements of Federal funds target rate decisions on individual stock prices at the intraday level. We find that the returns, volatilities and correlations of the S&P100 index constituents only respond to the surprise component in the announcement, as measured by the change in the Federal funds futures rate. For example, an unexpected 25 basis points increase of the target rate leads on average to a 113 basis points negative market return within five minutes after the announcement. It also increases market volatility during the 60-minute window around the announcement with 147 basis points. Positive surprises, meaning bad news for stocks, provoke a stronger reaction than negative surprises. Market participants also respond differently to good and bad news. In case of bad news for stocks the fact that there is a surprise matters most, whereas in case of good news the magnitude of the surprise is more important. Across sectors, Financials and IT show the strongest response to target rate surprises.

Additional Metadata
Keywords high-frequency data, interest rate surprises, monetary policy announcements, realized volatility
Publisher Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/10610
Chulia-Soler, H., Martens, M.P.E., & van Dijk, D.J.C.. (2007). The Effects of Federal Funds Target Rate Changes on S&P100 Stock Returns, Volatilities, and Correlations (No. ERS-2007-066-F&A). ERIM report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10610